Menu
Protecting threatened Over-seas biodiversity
30%

Focus on endangered species in Metropolitan France and overseas

The Atlantic puffin © Olivier TETARD

Assessment in Metropolitan France

Currently, in Metropolitan France, 12% of the species assessed are threatened, which still represents 792 species, classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature according to three levels of threat:
– CR: critically endangered species (last stage before its disappearance in the wild)
– EN: endangered species
– VU: vulnerable species

  • 32% of birds nesting in Metropolitan France are threatened and 16 of the 284 species assessed are critically endangered (CR).
  • 16% of terrestrial mammals and 5% of marine mammals are threatened in Metropolitan France. Of the 103 species of terrestrial mammals assessed, 3 are in particular critically endangered.
  • 24% of reptiles are threatened. Of the 35 terrestrial reptile species assessed, 3 are endangered (EN).
  • 23% of amphibians appear to be threatened. Of the 35 species assessed, 3 are in particular endangered (EN).
  • 19% of freshwater fish are also threatened. Of the 80 species assessed, 4 are critically endangered (CR).
  • 13% of sharks, rays and chimeras are threatened with 3 species classified as critically endangered in mainland France.
  • 28% of freshwater crustaceans are threatened with 10 species in particular classified as critically endangered (CR).
  • 6% of butterflies, 12% of dragonflies and 22% of mayflies are threatened in France, i.e. 58 species including 8 in critical danger of extinction.
  • 8% of the flora is threatened, ie more than 300 species including 51 classified as critically endangered (CR).
The European mink
Common crane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And overseas territories?

Reunion Island:

  • 21% of marine and terrestrial mammals are threatened, including 3 species.
  • 11% of bird species are endangered, 2 of which are critically endangered.
  • 45% of terrestrial and marine reptiles are threatened in Reunion, with three of the 11 species assessed as critically endangered (CR).
  • 33% of freshwater fish and 40% of macro-crustaceans are threatened.
  • 14% of butterflies, 21% of dragonflies and 50% of stick insects are threatened.
  • 30% of the vascular flora of Reunion is threatened, ie 275 species.
The Manapany day gecko © B.NAVEZ
The Mascarene Petrel © FabKacau

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mayotte:

  • 25% of nesting birds are threatened, ie 7 species, 1 of which is critically endangered (CR).
  • 42% of terrestrial reptiles, or 5 species including 1 in critical danger of extinction (CR)
  • 43% of the vascular flora with more than 280 endangered species.
Peters’ Bright Snake
Madagascar pond heron © Gilles ADT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guadeloupe:

  • 33% of nesting birds, ie 27 species including 4 critically endangered (CR).
  • 15% of the vascular flora of Guadeloupe is threatened, or nearly 250 species.
The common tern
The ringed kingfisher © Fabrice STOGER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martinique:

  • 22% of the bird species assessed, evening 26 species including 4 critically endangered (CR).
  • 11% of marine mammals.
  • 47% of the terrestrial and marine reptiles assessed are threatened, ie 15 species, 4 of which are critically endangered.
  • 1 species of amphibian critically endangered.
  • 19% of freshwater fish, 3 species in danger of extinction.
  • 1 threatened macro-crustacean species.
  • 28% of freshwater molluscs, or 15 species, 5 of which are critically endangered.
White-breasted trasher © Pierre CROUZIER
Lesser Antillean iguana © Florent BIGNON

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guyana:

  • 4% of terrestrial and marine mammals, ie 6 species of terrestrial mammals and 3 of marine mammals, 4 of which are endangered (EN).
  • 13% of birds, ie 87 species including 14 critically endangered (CR).
  • 11% of terrestrial and marine reptiles, ie 18 species including 3 in critical danger of extinction.
  • 5% of amphibians, or 7 endangered species (EN).
  • 13% of freshwater fish, ie 45 species, 9 of which are critically endangered.
The Bearded Tachuri © Hector BOTTAI
The Giant Otter © Bernard DUPONT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

French Polynesia:

  • 35% of the bird species assessed are endangered, i.e. 34 species, 11 of which are critically endangered (CR).
  • Over 300 species of endemic flora threatened.

French Southern and Antarctic Lands:

  • 10% of the mammals evaluated, ie 2 endangered species (EN).
  • 35% of the bird species assessed, ie 25 species, including 5 in critical danger of extinction (CR).
  • 5 threatened terrestrial and marine reptile species.
The Amsterdam albatross © Vincent LEGENDRE
The hawksbill sea turtle © Christian GLOOR