Red list of threatened species in France: the results of 13 years of expertise!
On the occasion of World Wildlife Day, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the French Office for Biodiversity (OFB) and the National Museum of Natural History (MNHN) are celebrating assessment of 13 years of expertise on endangered species in mainland France and overseas and the results are not good!
Atlantic Puffin © Olivier TETARD
What is the Red List for?
The National Red List is produced by the French Committee of IUCN and UMS Patrinat (OFB-CNRS-MNHN). Carried out by more than 31 partner organizations and more than 500 experts mobilized to assess the populations of species in France, the role of the national Red List is to:
- Inventory the risks of species disappearance in France and the threats Identify species in urgent need of conservation
- Monitor species population trends
- Provide a consistent database to guide action strategies
- Raise awareness of public opinion and political decision-makers
- 13,842 species assessed in 13 years
- 2,430 endangered species in France, i.e. 17.6% of the species assessed
- 187 extinct or extinct species In France
- 32% of nesting birds are threatened
- 28% of freshwater crustaceans are threatened
- 24% of reptiles are threatened 23% of amphibians are threatened
- 19% of freshwater fish
- 14% of mammals
And in Overseas?
- 21% of birds in Martinique
- 42% of land reptiles in Mayotte
- 43% of the flora in Mayotte
- 30% in Réunion island and 15% in Guadeloupe
- 34% of birds in French Polynesia
- 33% of freshwater fish in Reunion island
- 13% of freshwater fish in Guyana
Madagascar pond-heron © Gilles ADT